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Chişinău, Republic of Moldova

 

 

Chișinău, historically also known as Kishinev (Russian: Кишинёв), is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Moldova. It is Moldova’s main industrial and commercial centre, and is located in the middle of the country, on the river Bîc. According to January 2013 official estimates, Chișinău proper has a population of 671,800 and the municipality of Chișinău is home to 800,600 residents.
Chișinău is the most economically prosperous locality in Moldova and its largest transportation hub. As the most economically and socially important municipality in Moldova, the city has a broad range of educational facilities.

The origin of the city’s name is unclear. In one version, the name comes from the archaic Romanian word chișla (meaning “spring”, “source of water”) and nouă (“new”), because it was built around a small spring, at the corner of Pușkin and Albișoara streets.
An alternative version, by Ștefan Ciobanu, Romanian historian and academician, holds that the name was formed the same way as the name of Chișineu (alternative spelling: Chișinău) in Western Romania, near the border with Hungary. Its Hungarian name is Kisjenő, from which the Romanian name originates. Kisjenő in turn comes from kis “small” and the “Jenő,” one of the seven Hungarian tribes that entered the Carpathian Basin in 896 and named 21 settlements.

Chișinău is known in Russian as Кишинёв (Kishinyov). It is written Kişinöv in the Latin Gagauz alphabet. It was also written as “Chișineu” in pre-20th-century Romanian and as “Кишин

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